7.1.3 Changes in the perfect participle

Until now we have seen that the perfect participle changes with the gender and number of the subject, in case the verb is intransitive (does not need an object). Well, there is a second condition, which makes the perfect participle change: if the direct object is before the verb, the perfect participle matches the object in gender and number.

  Examples
  J' ai mangé une pomme sucrée.
  I have eaten a sweet apple.
  La pomme que j' ai mangée, était sucrée.
    The apple that I have eaten, was sweet.
  J' ai mangé des pommes sucrée.
    I have eaten sweet apples.
  Les pommes que j' ai mangées, étaient sucrées.
    The apples that I have eaten, were sweet.
  J' ai lu un livre de Marcel Proust.
    I have read a book by Marcel Proust.
  Le livre que j' ai lu est de Marcel Proust.
    The book that I have read is by Marcel Proust.
  J' ai lu des livres de Marcel Proust.
    I have read books by Marcel Proust.
  Les livres que j' ai lus, étaient de Marcel Proust.
    The books that I have read, were by Marcel Proust.

Once again: Is the direct object after the verb, there is no change in the perfect particple as long as the verb is transitive (needs to be, otherwise there would not be an object). Is the direct object before the verb, the perfect participle has to match the gender and number of the object.






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