5.2 Personal pronouns

What for did we go through all this? Well, because we are going to need the personal pronouns in the different object forms in many, many cases.

Example
The group gives Peter the book. => no personal pronoun and therefore not critical in English or French, BUT
  We give it to him. => both objects are substituted by personal pronouns and now we need them already

In English the personal pronouns in their form, but in their position and in case of doubt the preposition to is used for indirect objects.

  Overview  
Direct object / Accusative Indirect object / Dative
me me   He sees me. (to) me me   He gives money to me.
Il me voit Il me donne de l' argent.
  He knows me.   He tells me this often.
  Il me connaît.   Il me dit ça souvent.
  you te   He sees you.   (to) you te   He gives money to you.
Il te regarde. Il te donne de l' argent.
  She knows you.   He tells you this often.
  Elle te connaît.   Il te dit ça souvent.
  him le   He sees him.   (to) him lui   He gives money to him.
Il le regarde. Il lui donne de l' argent.
  She knows him.   He tells him this often.
  Elle le connaît.   Il lui dit ça souvent.
  her la   He sees her.   (to) her lui   He gives money to her.
Il la regarde. Il lui donne de l' argent.
  He knows her.   He tells her this often.
  Elle la connaît.   Il lui dit ça souvent.
  us nous   He sees us.   (to) us nous   He gives money to us.
Il nous voit. Il nous donne de l' argent.
  She knows us.   He tells us this often.
  Elle nous connaît.   Il nous dit ça souvent.
  you vous   He sees you.   (to) you vous   He gives money to you.
Il vous voit. Il vous donne de l' argent.
  He knows you.   He tells you this often.
  Il vous connaît.   Il vous dit ça souvent.
  them les   He sees them.   (to) them leur   He gives money to them.
Il les voit. Il leur donne de l' argent.
  He knows them.   He tells them this often.
  Il les connaît.   Il leur dit ça souvent.

To have a better overview we only have a look at the personal pronouns:

  Personal pronouns    
Nominative Accusative Dative
  je me me
  tu te te
  il le lui
  elle la lui
  nous nous nous
  vous vous vous
  ils / elles les leur





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