5.3 Formation of the perfect particple

We have already mentioned that this is the french survival guide, which means that we have an overview about all the relevant topics that will enable you to speak French within a short time.One of the important topics is the formation of the perfect particple, because we need it to form several tenses. One of them is the passé composé. Later on we will go into the details.
To form the perfect participle we differentiate between verbs ending in -er, -ir, -re or in -oir, and within these groups again we have to see the regular and the irregular verbs.

Formation of the perfect particple of regular verbs

Verbs ending in -er Verbs ending in - ir
stem + é stem + i
manger => mangé finir => fini
  to eat => eaten   to finish => finished
parler => parlé choisir => choisi
  to speak => spoken   to choose => chosen
fumer => fumé dormir => dormi
  to smoke => smoked to sleep => slept
penser => pensé sentir => senti
  to think => thought   to feel => felt

Verbs ending in -oir Verbs ending in -re
stem + u stem + u
vouloir => voulu battre => battu
  to want => wanted   to beat => beaten
voir => vu conclure => conclu
  to see => seen   to conclude => concluded
recevoir => reçu    
  to receive => received  
apercevoir => aperçu    
  to perceive => perceived  

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