5.2.2 Sequence of several personal pronouns

We quite often have phrases, where both objects are substituted by personal pronouns. They then look like this:.

Example
  I give it to ihm.
You have not told it to her.

The direct (it) and the indirect objects (him / her) are right after one another. Now we have a clou in French: The personal pronouns of the indirect object (dative) me, te, se, nous, vous, se are put before the direct object (accusative). BUT, the personal pronouns of the indirect object lui, leur are put AFTER the direct object. We will discuss this later on again.

  Indirect object before the direct object (me, te, se, nous, vous, se)
Subject Dative (indirect) Accusative (direct) Verb
    Je te le dis.
    I to you it tell.
    Je te la donne.
    I to you her give.
    Je te les donne.
    I to you them give.
    Je me le donne.
    I to me it give.
    Je me la donne.
    I to me her give.
    Je me les donne.
    I to me them give.
    Je vous le donne.
    I to you it give.
    Je vous la donne.
    I to you her give.
    Je vous les donne.
    I to you them give.

  Indirect object AFTER direct object (lui, leur)
Subject Accusative (direct) Dative (indirect) Verb
    Je le lui donne.
    I it to him give.
    Je la lui donne.
    I it to him give.
    Je les lui donne.
    I it to him give.
    Je le leur donne.
    I it to them give.
    Je la leur donne.
    I her to them give.
    Je les leur donne.
    I them to them give.

We notice that with the substitution of the indirect object the preposition á can be omitted, as it is possible in English as well, when only the indirect object is substituted:

Example
  I give the book to Peter.
I give him the book.
I give it to ihm.

It will ease the learning process, if you listen to the sentences a couple of times and best repeat them. Only to try to remember the rules will bring you to a point, where there are too many rules. Try to take it easy, there are worst things in live than to put the personal pronoun to the wrong position.





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