3.2 Formation of feminine and masculine forms

There are always feminine and masculine forms for nouns that describe living beings, professions, ethnical groups and substantivated adjectives, and there are always feminine and masculine forms of adjectives. Both follow the same logic. Things that are not living have only one gender, even though there is no logic how to know which one it is.

In English there are some similar examples for feminine and masculine forms, even though it is not as widely used as in French or even German. It makes one wonder how come in times of political correctness and emancipation. However, this a language course not a socio-cultural discussions club, therefore we will not follow this line of thought.

Examples
  widow <=> widower
actress <=> actor

The pattern, according to which the differentiation between masculine and feminine is made is not a simple one. There are different suffixes (morphemes) to indicate a feminine form.

Ends the masculine form on s, n, t, d, an e is added and the end-consonant is voiced
  un Français une Française
    a Frenchman a Frenchwoman
  un Allemand une Allemande
    a German (man) a German (woman)
  un Italien une Italienne
    an Italian (man) an Italian (woman)
  un Américain une Amércaine
    an American (man) an American (woman)
  un Européen une Europénne
    a European (man) a European (woman)
  un Anglais une Anglaise
    an Englishman an Englishwoman
  un étudiant une étudiante
    a (male) student a (female) student
  un pharmacien une pharmacienne
    a (male) pharmacist a (female) farmacist





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