17.2 Formation of the imperative

The rules for the formation of the imperative are quite simple. The imperative is identical with the normal present form. The only exception is the group of verbs ending in -er, here the -s in the second person singular is omitted.

  Übersicht
Personal
pronoun 
-er -ir -re -oir
present imperative  present imperative present imperative present imperative
acheter (to buy) finir (to finish) prendre (to take) recevoir (to receive)
  je / j'
(I)
achète
(buy)
- finis
(finish)
- prends
(take)
- reçois
(receive)
-
  tu
(you)
achètes
(buy)
achète (Buy!) finis
(finish)
finis
(Finish!)
prends
(take)
prends (Take!) reçois
(receive)
reçois (Receive!)
  il / elle (he/she) achète (buys) - finit
(finishes)
- prend (takes) - reçoit (receives) -
  nous
(we)
achetons (buy) achetons (Let's buy) finissons (finish) finissons (Let's finish) prenons (take) prenons
(Let's take)
recevons (receive) recevons
(Let's receive)
  vous
(you)
achetez (buy) achetez (buy) finissez (finish) finissez (Finish!) prenez (take) prenez (Take!) recevez (receive) recevez (Receive!)
  ils / elles (they) achètent (buy) - finissent (finish) - prennent (take) - recoivent (receive) -

As always, there is no rule without exception. Already in the chapter conjugation in present tense we have seen that there are verbs ending in -ir that are conjugated as verbs -er. Here, it does also mean that these verbs also omit the final -s as verbs ending in -er.

  couvrir = to cover
  Couvre! = Cover!





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