15.7.1.1.1 Flection with preceeding direct object

Verbs that form their compound tenses with avoir can have a direct object. If this direct object stands before the participle, the participle is inflicted according to gender and number of this direct object.

  Examples
L' homme que tu as vu est mon copain.
    The man that you have seen is my friend.
    Les hommes que tu as vus sont mes copains.
    The men that you have seen are my friends.
    La femme que tu a vue est ma copine.
    The woman that you have seen is my friend.
    Les femmes que tu as vues sont mes copines.
    The women that you have seen are my friends.

The devil is - as always - in the detail, which means that it might sometimes be difficult to recognize the direct object, because it can appear with many different faces.

  Examples
  as a noun
Combien de poires as-tu mangées ?
    How many pears did you eat?
  as a personal pronoun
  A: J' ai vu ta voiture hier.
  B: Quand est-ce que tu l' as vue?
    A: I have seen your car yesterday.
    B: When did you see it?
  as a relative pronoun
  La femme que j' ai vue était très belle.
    The woman that I have seen is very beautiful.






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