11.9 Referring to something indefinite - celui / celle / ceux / celles

There are pronouns that refer to something unknown. Now we have two forms of this unknown.

  Pattern ...
1) The referred object / subject is unknown, but existent.
The one who has told you that is a liar.
  2) The referred object / subject is unknonw and possibly inexistent.
Whoever may say so, is a liar.
Whatever he may say, it is not true.

In English we see, the structure changes. The same patterns we find in French. Celui / celle / ceux / celles qui / que is used, when there is an existent (but possibly unknown) person referred to. A construction with qui que ce soit (whoever it may be) is always possible. The second pattern is a bit more complex as we will see shortly.





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