11.5.5 Summary substitution

Now follows an overview about the relative pronouns as we have seen them up to now. There are some more, but they cannot be substituted. Therefore, we thought it would be a good idea to have an overview. Even though you will see that it is quite a difficult one. It is meant to give a summary on the possibilities.

Overview
Reference to 1) a thing or animal 2) a person 3) a context 4) ce, quelque chose, la seule chose, tout, rien 1)
a) after fixed expressions with de ziehen dont dont / (de qui) (quelque chose) dont dont 1)
b) as subject of the relative clause

qui qui ce qui qui
but:

with tout => ce qui
c) direct object of the relative clause que que ce que que
but:
with tout => ce que
d) indirect object of the relative clause à laquelle
auquel
auxquels
auxquelles
à laquelle
auquel
auxquels
auxquelles

à qui
(non existent) (non existent)
e) Prepositions +
lequel
laquelle
lesquels
lesquelles

preposition de is merged to

duquel
de laquelle
desquels
desquelles
que
lequel
laquelle
lesquels
lesquelles
preposition + quoi with quelque / seule chose:

preposition +
laquelle or quoi
with tout:
tout + ce + preposition + quoi
or: preposition + qui (not with parmi and entre!)

with de => dont is to be used 2)
with rien / ce:
preposition + quoi
[of what is de ce, if not with a fixed expression 3)]
f) Genitive - whose dont dont
for certain clarifications duquel / de laquelle / desquels / desquelles
(non existent) (non existent)

Following some more examples to the different cases.







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