11.4.5 dont meaning on / for

This one can be tricky.

  Examples
a1) This is his son, of whom he is proud of.
  b1) The party, for which I am responsible for will be great.
  c1) This is a person, of whom you should be aware.
  d1) This is the woman, with whom I am in love.
  a2) This is the table, on which the book lies.
  b2) This was the idea, for which he died.
  c2) This is the wall, of which he was talking earlier.
  d2) This is the girl, with whom I had a fight.

Now the thing is: in the first group of sentences we have to use dont, in the second group we have to use lequel / laquelle / lesquels / lesquelles. How come? The first part uses phrases and compound verbs that belong definitely together. The second part, just use preposition without this fixed expression.

  Examples
to be proud of => This is his son, of whom he is proud of.
  to be responsible of => The party, for which I am responsible for will be great.
  to be aware of => This is a person, of whom you should be aware.

In French many of these expressions are formed with the preposition de. In these cases the relative pronoun is dont.

  Examples
avoir peur de C' est une situation dont j' ai peur.
    to be afraid of This is a situation, of which I am afraid.
  avoir besoin de C'est quelque chose dont j' ai besoin.
    to need This is something, that I need.
  être amoureux de C' est la femme dont je suis amoureux.
    to be in love with This is the woman with whom I am in love.
  se souvenir de C' est la seule chose dont je me souviens.
    to remember This is the only thing that I remember.
  être content de C' est un résultat dont je suis content.
    to be content with This is a result with which I am content.
  se servir de Voici le livre dont je me suis servi.
    to use This is the book that I have used.
  se méfier de C' est un homme dont il faut se méfier.
    to mistrust This is someone, whom I mistrust.
  se nourrir de Ce sont les fruits dont ils se sont nourris.
    to subsist on These are the fruit on which they subsist.
  être responsable de C' est l' organisation dont je suis responsable.
    to be responsible for This is the organisation for which I am responsible.
  être fier de C' est un travail dont je suis fier.
    to be proud of This is a work, of which I am proud.






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